He said the "unwillingness" of the USA to reaffirm pledges not to seek regime change or war in North Korea or to include the idea of having UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres use his good offices to try to resolve the dispute "gives rise to very serious questions in our minds".
North Korea on September 3 detonated a hydrogen bomb that can be carried by an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
The resolution, passed after Washington toned down its original proposals to secure backing from China and Russian Federation, came just one month after the council banned exports of coal, lead and seafood in response to the ICBM launch.
"The world will witness how (North Korea) tames the US gangsters by taking a series of actions tougher than they have ever envisaged", the foreign ministry said in a statement carried by the official KCNA news agency.
"The U.S. needs to switch from isolation to communication in order to end an "endless loop" on the Korean peninsula where "nuclear and missile tests trigger tougher sanctions and tougher sanctions invite further tests", Xinhua said".
"The DPRK will redouble the efforts to increase its strength to safeguard the country's sovereignty and right to existence", the ministry said, using the abbreviation for the North's official name.
Nonetheless, US Ambassador Nikki Haley told the council after the vote that "these are by far the strongest measures ever imposed on North Korea".
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The illnesses started from September 15, 2016 to August 12, 2017, with the most recent illness reported on September 1, 2017. The CDC has advised pet owners to take particular care to clean up after their dogs and wash their hands thoroughly.
The commission could not confirm what kind of nuclear test the North conducted, he added.
The German air-to-surface weapon was capable of precision strikes on key North Korean facilities even if launched from the central part of the South, it added.
US President Donald Trump said the latest measures were a "very small step - not a big deal" that must lead to tougher measures.
"Those sanctions are nothing compared to ultimately what will have to happen", Trump said, indicating he would continue to press Beijing.
Last Tuesday, the US circulated a draft resolution proposing the toughest-ever United Nations sanctions on North Korea, including a ban on all oil and natural gas exports to the country and a freeze on all foreign financial assets of the government and its leader, Kim Jong Un.
Monday's decision was the ninth sanctions resolution unanimously adopted by the 15-member Security Council since 2006 over North Korea's ballistic missile and nuclear programs.
The measures stopped well short of an oil embargo that Washington had been seeking, but which is opposed by China.
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Retail petrol prices in the North jumped earlier this year, with some analysts suggesting the authorities were stockpiling in the expectation of a ban.
The cap on the import of petroleum products could have an impact, but North Korea will still be able to import the same amount of crude oil that it has this year.
It added that the North's textile exports averaged $760 million a year.
"This resolution also puts an end to the regime making money from the 93,000 North Korean citizens it sends overseas to work and heavily taxes", Haley said.
As for North Koreans working overseas, the United States mission said a cutoff on new work permits will eventually cost North Korea about $500 million a year once current work permits expire.
The resolution also calls on states to inspect vessels on the high seas, with the consent of the flag state, if they have reasonable grounds to believe the ships are carrying prohibited cargo.
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UFC has yet to announce its future intentions for the title belt and ruled it won't strip Jones until due process is completed. Because this is Jones' second potential anti-doping violation, he does not arrive at the negotiating table with a clean slate.